Features Of English Gardens

A close up of a flower garden in front of a window

The English garden is a type of garden that originated in England.  It was designed to imitate the natural landscape and consists of flower beds, lawns, shrubs, and trees. These gardens were often designed for beauty and relaxation. The most famous examples are at Hampton Court Palace and Stowe House.

What is an English Garden

A house in the middle of a lush green field

A traditional English garden, also known as a cottage garden or a herb garden, is a smaller version of the French-style gardens that were created in the mid-1500s. The traditional English garden was designed to appear wild and natural with living spaces integrated into it. In general, the design focuses on perennials, shrubs, and trees native to England, which are planted in undulating beds with sharp edges and frequent twists. For instance, knot gardens use tightly arranged plants to form geometric shapes within the flowerbed. The different areas of an English garden each have their own purpose: pathways give people access to all parts of the yard while lawn areas provide space for playing games or picnics. There are also often kitchen, herb, and greenhouse gardens inside the yard.

English gardens gained popularity around the world in the 19th century as a result of Queen Victoria’s love for plants and gardening. To this day, English garden lovers from all over the world continue to design their own versions of traditional English gardens.

Benefits of having an English Garden

A close up of a flower garden

An English garden is not only aesthetically pleasing but has many benefits as well. The compact spaces make them easier to maintain than other larger garden styles while still providing room for several different types of vegetation to grow together. By planting trees, shrubs, and perennials that will thrive in the area where they live, owners can drastically reduce how much time they spend on yard work and plant care. Building and maintaining one’s English garden helps people to connect with mother nature while simultaneously providing a relaxing space to spend time outdoors.

How to create your own English Garden

If you want to start building an English garden, begin by searching for the right location in your yard that gets enough sunlight for all of the plants you’d like to include in your design. If you’re unsure where the best place is, talk with an experienced professional gardener or nursery owner. Once you find a suitable spot, remove any debris from the soil before going ahead with installing it.

Next, determine which kinds of trees, shrubs, and perennials would be most beneficial given the amount of sunlight in the area and the type of soil there is. Consider planting native species or species that are best suited to the weather of your geographical region.

Examples of famous English gardens in England and around the world

There are many famous English gardens around the world, some designed centuries ago and others built in modern times.

  • Chiswick House Gardens
  • Palace of Versailles
  • Kew Gardens

Tips for maintaining your garden over time

To maintain an English garden properly, you’ll need to plan on spending several hours each month cutting back wild growth, pruning shrubs and trees when necessary, and adding water as needed throughout the year [7]. For people who don’t want to spend so much time in their gardens, hiring a professional may be the best option.


English gardens are known for their natural beauty and understated elegance. They often include well-manicured lawns, flower beds, and shrubbery, as well as ponds, streams, and other water features. While the layout of an English garden may vary depending on the individual gardener’s preferences, there are some general features that are common to most of them. If you’re thinking about creating a garden of your own, or if you just want to take a closer look at what makes English gardens so special, read this article. 

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